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Characterizing Porous Materials and Powders

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Dr. Matthias Thommes

New IUPAC Task Group  
New IUPAC Task Group - Physisorption of Gases, with Special Reference to the Evaluation of Surface Area and Pore Size Distribution. For more info.
Characterization of Porous Solids and Powders: Surface Area, Porosity and Density; S. Lowell, J. Shields, M.A. Thomas & M. Thommes, Springer, (2004). For more info.
Review Articles-Invited Book Chapters
I Senkovska, KA Cychosz, P Llewellyn, M Thommes, S KaskelAdsorption Methodology, In: The Chemistry of Metal Organic Frameworks: Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications: Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications, p.575-605, Wiley‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2016.

K.A. Cychosz, R.Guillet-Nicolas, J. Garcia-Martinez, and M. Thommes, “Recent advances in the textural characterization of hierarchically structured nanoporous materials“ (invited review article), Chem. Soc. Rev 46, 389 (2017).

M. Thommes, K.A Cychosz, A.V. Neimark,(invited review/book chapter): Advanced Physical Adsorption Characterization of Nanoporous Carbons. Tascon, J.M.D. (eds.) Novel Carbon Adsorbents, pp. 107-145. Elsevier (2012)

Matthias Thommes, Physical Adsorption Characterization of Nanoporous materials (invited review): Chemie Ingenieur Techni, 82, 1056-1073 (2010), Free download.

Jean Rouquerol, Gino Baron, Renaud Denoyel, Herbert Giesche, Johan Groen, Peter Klobes, Pierre Levitz, Alexander Neimark, Sean Rigby, Romas Skudas, Kenneth Sing, Matthias Thommes, and Klaus Unger, Liquid Intrusion and alternative methods for the characterization of macroporous materials, Pure Appl. Chem, Publication Date (Web): 12 December 2011.

R. Skudas, M. Thommes, K.K. Unger, Characterization of the Pore Structure of Monolithic Silicas, In" Monolithic Silicas in Separation Science: Concepts, Syntheses, Characterization, Modeling and Applications", chapter 4, Editor(s): Klaus K. Unger, Nobuo Tanaka, Egidijus Machtejevas, First Edition 2011 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KgaA.

M. Thommes, Recent Advances in the Characterization of Mesoporous Materials by Physical Adsorption, invited book chapter/review article for Annual Review of Nano Research, Vol. 3, edited by Guozhong Cao. Qifeng Zhang and C.Jeffrey Brinker, World Scientific, (2009). For more info..

A. Neimark, K.S.W. Sing and M. Thommes, Surface Area and Porosity, In: Handbook of Heterogeneous Catalysis, Second Edition (Ertl, Koezinger, Schueth & Weitkamp, eds), Wiley, page 721-737, (2008). For more info .

R. Staudt and M. Thommes, Zeolites and Adsorption: Model materials and applications, In: Zeolites: From Model Materials to Industrial Catalysts, (J. Cejka, J. Perez-Pariente, W.J. Roth, eds) Chapter 9, pp 207-225, Transworld Research Network, (2008). For more info.

M. Thommes; Textural Charaterization of Zeolite and Ordered Mesoporous Materials by Physical Adsorption, In: Introduction to Zeolite Science and Practice (3rd revised Edition), (Cejka, J., van Bekkum, H., Corma, A., Schüth, F., eds.), Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal.,168, Chapter 15, pp.495-525, Elsevier, (2007). For more info.

M. Thommes; Physical Adsorption Characterization of Ordered and Amorphous Mesoporous Materials, In: Nanoporous Materials, Science & Engineering (Lu G.Q. & Zhao X.S., eds), Chapter 11, Imperial College Press, (2004). For more info.

Selected Recent Research Paper

R Guillet-Nicolas, R Ahmad, KA Cychosz, F Kleitz, M Thommes, "Insights into the pore structure of KIT-6 and SBA-15 ordered mesoporous silica–recent advances by combining physical adsorption with mercury porosimetry", New Journal of Chemistry 40 (5), 4351-4360 (2016)

F Velasco, R Guillet-Nicolas, G Dobos, M Thommes, P Lodewyckx, “Towards a better understanding of water adsorption hysteresis in activated carbons by scanning isotherms”,Carbon 96, 753, (2016)

KL Stefanopoulos, FK Katsaros, Th A Steriotis, AA Sapalidis, M Thommes, DT Bowron, TGA Youngs, “Anomalous Depletion of Pore-Confined Carbon Dioxide upon Cooling below the Bulk Triple Point: An In Situ Neutron Diffraction Study” Physical Review Letters 116, 025502,2016

MG Jeong, DH Kim, SK Lee, JH Lee, SW Han, EJ Park, KA Cychosz, M. Thommes, Y.K. Hwang, J.S.Chang, Y.D. Kim , Decoration of the internal structure of mesoporous chromium terephthalate MIL-101 with NiO using atomic layer deposition, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 221, 101-107, (2016)

M Ogura, R Guillet-Nicolas, D Brouri, S Casale, J Blanchard, KA Cychosz, M. Thommes, “Insights into the accessibility of Zr in Zr/SBA-15 mesoporous silica supports with increasing Zr loadings, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 225, 440-449, (2016)

B. Ashourirad, Pezhman A., Timur Islamoglu, Katie A Cychosz, Matthias Thommes, Hani M El-Kaderi, A cost-effective synthesis of heteroatom-doped porous carbons as efficient CO2 sorbents, Journal of Materials Chemistry A 4 (38), 14693-14702, (2016)

AJ Cairns, J Eckert, L Wojtas, M Thommes, D Wallacher, PA Georgiev, P.M. Forster, Y. Belmabkhout, J. Olivier, and M. Eddaoudi, Gaining Insights on the H2–Sorbent Interactions: Robust soc-MOF Platform as a Case Study, Chemistry of Materials 28 (20), 7353-7361, (2016)

Nathan E Schultz, Riaz Ahmad, John K Brennan, Kevin A Frankel, Jonathan D Moore, Joshua D Moore, Raymond D Mountain, Richard B Ross, Matthias Thommes, Vincent K Shen, Daniel W Siderius, Kenneth D Smith, “The Eighth Industrial Fluids Properties Simulation Challenge”, Adsorption Science & Technology 34 (1), 12, (2016)

RB Ross, DB Aeschliman, R Ahmad, JK Brennan, ML Brostrom, K.A. Frenkel, J.D. Moore, R. D. Mountain, D. M. Poirier, M. Thommes, V. K. Chen, N. E. Shultz, D.W. Siderius, K. D. Smith, “ Adsorption, X-ray diffraction, photoelectron, and atomic emission spectroscopy benchmark studies for the eighth industrial fluid properties simulation challenge”, Adsorption Science & Technology 34 13, (2016)

H Wu, CG Thibault, H Wang, KA Cychosz, M Thommes, J Li, "Effect of temperature on hydrogen and carbon dioxide adsorption hysteresis in an ultramicroporous MOF", Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 219, 186 (2016)

X.Zhang, D. Dandan Xu, S. Asahina, K. A. Cychosz, K. V. Agrawal, Y. Al Wahedi, A. Bhan, S. Al Hashimi, O.Terasaki, M.Thommes, and M.Tsapatsis* Synthesis of Self-Pillared Zeolite Nanosheets by Repetitive Branching; Science 336 (6089), 1684-1687 (2012).

Y.Zhu, S.Murali, M.D. Stoller,., K.J.Ganesh, W.Cai, P.J, Ferreira, A Pirkle, R.M. Wallace, K.A Cychosz, M. Thommes, D. Su, E.A. Stach, R. Ruoff,: Carbon-based supercapacitors produced by activation of graphene. Science 332, 1537-1541.

M Thommes , J. Morell, K. A Cychosz , and M. Froeba , “Combining Nitrogen, Argon, and Water Adsorption for Advanced Characterization of Ordered Mesoporous Carbons (CMKs) and Periodic Mesoporous Organosilicas (PMOs)" Langmuir, 2013, 29 (48), pp 14893–14902.

P. Lodewyckx, E. Raymundo-Pinera, M. Vaclavikova, I. Berezovska, M. Thommes, F. Beguin, G. Dobos:, “Suggested improvements in the parameters used for describing the low relative pressure region of the water vapour isotherms of activated carbons”, Carbon 60 (2013) 538.

R. Cimino, K.A Cyhosz, M. Thommes, A.V. Neimark, “Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Scanning Adsorption-Desorption Isotherms” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects”, (2013).

A. Dukhin, S. Swasey, M. Thommes, “A Method for Pore Size and Porosity Analysis of Porous Materials Using Electroacoustic and High Frequency Conductivity” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects”, (2013).

Gor, G.Y., Thommes, M., Cychosz, K.A., Neimark, A.V.: Quenched solid density functional theory method for characterization of mesoporous carbons by nitrogen adsorption. Carbon 50, 1583-1590 (2012).

G.R Peterson, K.A. Cychosz, M. Thommes, L.J., Hope-Weeks, “ Solvent-Tuned Hierarchical Porosity in Nitrocellulose Aerogels”, Chem. Commun. (2012),48,11754-11756.

G.R Peterson, K.A. Cychosz, M. Thommes, L.J., Hope-Weeks, “ Solvent-Tuned Hierarchical Porosity in Nitrocellulose Aerogels”, Chem. Commun. (2012),48,11754-11756.

K.A. Cychosz, X.Guo, W.Fan, R.Cimino, G.Yu. Gor, M. Tsapatsis, A.V. Neimark*, and M. Thommes (corresponding author), “Characterization of the Pore Structure of Three-Dimensionally Ordered Mesoporous Carbons Using High Resolution Gas” Langmuir, 28, (2012), pp 12647–12654.

M. Thommes, S. Mitchel, and J. Pérez-Ramírez , Surface and Pore Structure Assessment of Hierarchical MFI Zeolites by Advanced Water and Argon Sorption Studies, J. Phys. Chem. C, 116 (35), pp 18816–18823 (2012).

J. Rouquerol, G.V. Baron, R. Denoyel, H. Giesche, J. Groen, P. Klobes, P. Levitz, A.V. Neimark, S. Rigby, R. Skudas, K. Sing, M. Thommes, K. Unger, “The characterization of macroporous solids: An overview of the methodology”, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 154(2012) 2-6.

JA. Silvestre-Albero, M. Goncalves, T. Itoh, K. Kaneko, M. Endo, M. Thommes, F. Rodriguez-Reinoso, J. Silvestre- Albero,"Well- defined mesoporosity on lignocellulosic-derived activated carbons" Carbon 50 (2012).

M. Oschatz, L. Borchardt, M. Thommes, K. A.Cychosz, I. Senkovska, N. Klein, R. Frind, M. Leistner, V. Presser, Y. Gogotsi, and S. Kaskel, Carbide-Derived Carbon Monoliths with Hierarchical Pore Architecture, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. , 51, (2012).

J. Silvestre-Albero, A. SilvestreoAlbero, F. Rodriguez-Reinoso, M. Thommes, Physical characterization of activated carbons with narrow microporosity by nitrogen (77.4K), carbon dioxide(273K), argon (87.3K) adsorption in combination with immersion calorimetry Carbon, in press, 2011 (doi:10.1016/j.carbon. 2011.09.005)

D. Laessig, J. Lincke, J. Moellmer, C. Reichenbach, A. Moeller, R. Glaeser, G. Kalies, K. A. Cychsoz, M. Thommes, R. Staudt, and H. Krautscheid ,A microporous copper metal-organic framework with high H2 and CO2 adsorption capacity at ambient pressure:, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50 (2011), 50, 1-6.

Xin Hu, M. Radosz, K.A. Cychosz, and M. Thommes,Co2-Filling Capacity and Selectivity of Carbon Nanopores: Synthesis , Texture, and Pore-Size Distribution from Quenched-Solid Density Functional Theory(QSDFT): Environmental Science & Technology 45,(2011) 7068.

N.V. Reichhardt, R. Guillet-Nicolas, M. Thommes, B. Klösgen, T. Nylander, F. Kleitz, V. Alfredsson, "Mapping the location of grafted PNIPAAM in mesoporous SBA-15 silica using gas adsorption analysis", Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2012, 14, 5651-5661.

NF. Kleitz, F. Bérubé, R. Guillet-Nicolas, C-M Yang, M. Thommes, M.: Probing adsorption, pore condensation, and hysteresis behavior of pure fluids in three-dimensional cubic mesoporous KIT-6 silica. J. Phys. Chem C 114, 9344-9355 (2010).

Christopher J. Rasmussen, Aleksey Vishnyakov, Matthias Thommes, Bernd M. Smarsly, Freddy Kleitz and Alexander V. Neimark, Cavitation in Metastable Liquid Nitrogen Confined to Nanoscale Pores: Langmuir, (2010), DOI: 10.1021/la100268q. For more info.

Andrei S. Dukhin, Philip J. Goetz and Matthias Thommes; Seismolectric effect: A non-isochoric streaming current. 1. Experiment : Journal of Colloid and Interface Science (2010), DOI:10.1016/j.jcis.2010.02.010, . For more info.

J.F. Lin, J. Wertzb, R. Ahmad, M. Thommes and A.M. Kannan, Effect of carbon paper substrate of the gas diffusion layer on the performance of proton exchange membrane fuel cell Electrochimica Acta, 55 (2010) 2748-2751, For more info.

Boris G. Shpeizer, Vladimir I. Bakhmoutov, Paul Zhang, Andrey V. Prosvirin, Kim R. Dunbar, Matthias Thommes and Abraham Clearfield, Transition metal-alumina/silcia supermicroporous composites with tunable porosity : Collois and Surfaces A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects,357 (2010) 105-115, For more info.

J. Moellmer, E.B. Celer, R. Luebke, A. Cairns, R. Staudt*, M. Eddaoudi* , and M. Thommes*, Insights on Adsorption Characterization of Metal-Organic Frameworks: A Benchmark Study on the Novel soc-MOF,Microporous and Mesoporous Materials,129, 345 (2010). For more info.

K. M. Krause, M..T. Taschuk, K. D. Harris, D. A. Rider, N. G. Wakefield, J. C. Sit, J. M. Buriak, M. Thommes and M. J. Brett, "Surface Area Characterization of Obliquely Deposited Metal Oxide Nanostructured Thin Films" Langmuir, Articles ASAP (As Soon As Publishable)" Publication Date (Web): December 11, (2009). For more info.

A.V Neimark, P.I Ravikovitch, Y. Lin, M. Thommes, "Quenched solid density functional theory and pore size analysis of micro-mesoporous carbons, Carbon, 47, 1617 (2009). For more info.

A. Sonnauer, F. Hoffmann, M. Froeba, L. Kienle, V. Duppel. M. Thommes, C. Serre, G. Ferey and N. Stock, "Giant Pores in Chromium 2,6-Naphthalenedicarboxylate Open-Framework Structure with MIL-101 Topology", Angew. Chem. 121, 3849 (2009). For more info.

S. Mascotto, D. Wallacher, A. Brandt, T. Hauss, M. Thommes, G. A. Zickler, S.S. Funari, A. Timmann and B. M. Smarsly , "Analysis of Microporosity in Ordered Mesoporous Hierarchically Structured Silica by Combining Physisorption With in Situ Small-Angle Scattering (SAXS and SANS)" Langmuir 25 12670 (2009). For more info.

D. Serrano, J. Aguado, G. Morales, J.M. Rodriguez, A. Peral, M. Thommes, J.D. Epping, B.F. Chmelka, "Molecular, meso- and macroscopic properties of hierarchical nanocrystalline ZSM-5 zeolite prepared by seed silanization," Chemistry of Materials, 21, 641(2009). For more info.

L. Cindrella, A.M. Kannan, R. Ahmad and M. Thommes, Surface modification of Gas Diffusion Layers by inorganic Nanomaterials for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells, Int. J. Hyd. Energy, 34, 6377 (2009). For more info.

R. Nicolas, F. Berube, T.W. Kim, M. Thommes, F. Kleitz, "Tailoring meso-porosity and intrawall porosity in large pore silicas: synthesis, and nitrogen sorption behavior.Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis",174A, 141 (2008). For more info.

M. Thommes, R. Skudas, K.K. Unger, and D.Lubda, "Textural Characterization of Native and n-Alky Bonded Silica Monoliths by Mercury Intrusion / Extrusion, Inverse Size Exclusion Chromatography and Nitrogen Adsorption",Journal of Chromatography A, 1191, 57 (2008). For more info.

A.M. Kannan, S. Sadananda, D. Parker, L. Munukutla, J. Wertz, M. Thommes "Wire rod coating process of gas diffusion layers fabrication for proton exchange membrane fuel cells", Journal of Power Sources,178231 (2008). For more info.

C. Bisio, G. Gatti, E. Boccaleri, L. Marchese, G.B. Superti, H.O. Pastore and M. Thommes, "Understanding physico-chemical properties of saponite synthetic clays",Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 10790 (2008) .For more info.

S. Sant, M. Thommes and P. Hildgen, "Microporous structure and drug release kinetics of polymeric nanoparticles", Langmuir 24 280 (2008). For more info.

F. Porcheron, M. Thommes, R. Ahmad and P.A. Monson, "Mercury porosimetry in mesoporous glasses: A comparison of experiments with results from a molecular model", Langmuir, 23 3372 (2007). For more info.

O. Sel, A. Brandt, D. Wallacher, M. Thommes and B.Smarsly," Pore hierarchy in mesoporous silicas evidenced by in-situ SANS during nitrogen physisorption",Langmuir 23 4724 (2007). For more info.

M. Thommes, S. Tanaka and N. Nishyama, "Novel method for the pore size analysis of thin films based on krypton adsorption at liquid argon temperature (87 K)", Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis,165 551(2007). For more info.

F. Hung, S. Bhattacharya, B. Coasne, M. Thommes and K.E. Gubbins, "Argon and krypton adsorption on templated mesoporous silicas: molecular simulation and experiment", Adsorption,13 425 (2007). For more info.

F. Kleitz, F. Berube, C-M. Yang and M. Thommes, "Large pore ordered mesoporous silicas materials with 3D cubic la3d structure: A comprehensive gas adsorption study", Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis 170 1843 (2007). For more info.

A. Zukal, M. Thommes and J. Cejka, "Synthesis of highly ordered MCM-41 silica with spherical particles", Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 104 52 (2007). For more info.

J. Rathousky and M. Thommes, "Adsorption properties and advanced textural characterization of novel micro-mesoporous zeolites",Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis 170 1042 (2007). For more info.

M. Thommes, B. Smarsly, M. Groenewolt, P.I. Ravikovitch and A.V. Neimark, "Adsorption hysteresis of nitrogen and argon in pore networks and characterization of novel micro-and mesoporous silicas", Langmuir 22 756 (2006). For more info.

  O. Sel, D. Kuang, M. Thommes and B.Smarsly, "Principles of hierachical meso-and macropore architectures by liquid crystalline and polymer colloid templating", Langmuir 22 2311(2006). For more info.

H. Li, Y. Sakamoto, H. Li, O. Terasaki, M. Thommes and S. Che, "Synthesis of carbon replicas of SBA-1 and SBA-7 mesoporous silicas", Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 95 193 (2006). For more info.

B. Smarsly, M. Thommes, P. Ravikovitch and A. Neimark, "Characterization of worm-like micro- and mesoporous silicas by small-angle scattering and high-resolution adsorption porosimetry", Adsorption 11 653 (2005). For more info.

F. Porcheron, P.A. Monson and M. Thommes, "Modeling mercury porosimetry using density functional theory", Langmuir 20 6482 (2004). For more info.

J. Jagiello and M. Thommes, "Comparison of DFT characterization methods based on N2, Ar, and CO2 adsorption applied to carbons with various pore size distributions", Carbon 42 1277 (2004). For more info.

M. Thommes, R. Koehn and M. Froeba, "Sorption and pore condensation behavior of pure fluids in mesoporous MCM-48 silica, MCM-41 silica, SBA-15 silica and controlled-pore glass at temperatures above and below the bulk triple point", Applied Surface Science,196 1-4, 239 (2002). For more info.

AV Neimark, M Thommes, “Characterization of porous materials: from angstroms to millimeters” Colloids and Surfaces A:Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 1-2.2016

A Dukhin, M Thommes, “Method for determining, pore size and pore size distribution of porous materials using phase of electro-acoustic signal” US Patent 9,476,759, 2016  

  M. Thommes, R. Köhn and M. Fröba, "Sorption and pore condensation behavior of nitrogen, argon and krypton in mesoporous MCM-48 silica materials", J. Phys. Chem. B 104,7932 (2000). For more info.